University of Alberta

Cindy Blackstock

Executive Director, First Nations Child and Family Caring Society of Canada; Associate Professor, University of Alberta; Founder, First Nations Children’s Action Research and Education Service

A member of the Gitksan Nation, Cindy Blackstock has worked in the field of child and family services for over 20 years. An author of over 60 publications, her key interests include exploring, and addressing, the causes of disadvantage for Aboriginal children and families by promoting equitable and culturally based interventions.

Current professional interests include acting as an Expert Advisor to UNICEF on the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, and holding fellowships with the Atkinson Foundation, the Ashoka Foundation and the J.W. McConnell Family Foundation.

Research

Interests

  • The structural drivers of disadvantage for First Nations children
  • Indigenous theory
  • Human Rights

Projects

Teaching Interests

  • First Nations child welfare
  • Indigenous theory
  • Human rights advocacy
  • Citizen engagement

Publications

Recent Publications in Refereed Journals

Blackstock, C. (2013). Opening statement of the First Nations Child and Family Caring Society of Canada: Canadian Human Rights Tribunal. Kanata, 6, 16-21.

Blackstock, C. & Auger, A. (2013). Pursuing human rights for community-level resilience: The Jordan’s Principle case, process and initiative as resilient community action. International Journal of Child and Adolescent Resilience, 1 (1).

Fallon, B., Chabot, M., Fluke, J., Blackstock, C., Maclaurin, B., & Tonmyr, L. (2013). Placement decisions and disparities among Aboriginal children: further analysis of the Canadian Incidence Study on Reported Child Abuse and Neglect part A: comparisons of the 1998 and 2003 surveys. Child Abuse and Neglect, 37 (1) 47-60.

Chabot, M., Fallon, B., Tonmyr, L., Maclaurin, B., Fluke, J. & Blackstock, C. (2013). Exploring alternate specifications to explain agency-level effects in placement decisions regarding Aboriginal children: further analysis of the Canadian Incidence Study on Reported Child Abuse and Neglect. Child Abuse and Neglect, 37 (1), 61-76.

Blackstock, C. (2012). Aboriginal Child Welfare Self-Government and the Rights of Indigenous Children: A book review. Children and Youth Services Review, 34(12), 2504-2506.

Blackstock, C. (2012). Jordan’s Principle: Canada’s broken promise to First Nations children? Paediatrics and Child Health, 17(7), 368-370.

Cross, T. & Blackstock, C. (2012). We are the manifestations of our ancestor’s prayers. Child Welfare, 91 (3), 9-14.

Blackstock, C. (2012). Reconciliation in action: educators and students standing in solidarity with First Nations children and Canadian Values. Perspectives, 9. Retrieved October 12, 2012 http://www.ctffce.ca/Priorities/default.aspx?ArtID=1998&year=2012&index_id=4685&lang=EN

Blackstock, C. (2011). Wanted moral courage in child welfare. First Peoples Child and Family Review, 6 (2), 36-47.

Blackstock, C. (2011). The emergence of the breath of life theory. Journal of Social Work Values and Ethics, 8(1), 1-16. Retrieve at http://www.socialworker.com/jswve/content/view/143/73/

Blackstock, C. (2011). Why if Canada wins, Canadians lose: The Canadian Human Rights Tribunal on First Nations Child Welfare. Children and Youth Services Review, 33, 187-194.

Tommyr, L. & Blackstock, C. (2010).Commentary: Public health approach in First Nations communities. International Journal on Mental Health and Addictions, 8(2), 135-144.

Fluke, J., Chabot, M., Fallon, B., MacLaurin, B., & Blackstock, C. (2010). Placement decisions and disparities among aboriginal groups: an application of the decision making ecology through multi-level analysis. Child Abuse and Neglect, 34(1), 57-69.

Blackstock, C. (2010). First Nations children count: enveloping quantitative research in an Indigenous envelope. First Peoples Child and Family Review, 4(2), 135-144.

Blackstock, C. (2009). Why addressing the over-representation of First Nations children in care requires a new theoretical approach. Journal of Social Work Values and Ethics, 6(3).

Blackstock, C. (2009). The occasional evil of angels: learning from the experiences of Aboriginal peoples with social work. First Peoples child and family review, 4(1), 28-37.

Blackstock, C. (2009). After the apology: why are so many First Nations children still in foster care? Children Australia, 34 (1), 22-31.

Books

Blackstock, C., (2013). Know your rights: UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples for Indigenous adolescents. Secretariat of the Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues, Indigenous Youth Caucus, UNICEF. New York: UNICEF.

Blackstock, C. (2012). Jordan and Shannen: First Nations children demand that Canada stop racially discriminating against them. Shadow report for Canada’s 3rd and 4th periodic report to the United Nations Committee on the Rights of the Child. Ottawa: First Nations Child and Family Caring Society of Canada.

Blackstock, C., Cross, T., Brown, I., George, J., & Formsma, J. (2006). Reconciliation in Child Welfare: Touchstones of Hope for Indigenous children, youth and families. Ottawa: First Nations Child and Family Caring Society of Canada.

Blackstock, C., Bruyere, D., & Moreau, E. (2006). Many Hands One Dream: principles for a new perspective on the health of First Nations, Inuit and Métis children and youth. Ottawa: Canadian Paediatric Society.

Alderman, J., Balla, S., Blackstock, C. & Khanna, N. (2006). Declaration of Accountability on the ethical engagement of young people and adults in Canadian organizations. Ottawa: First Nations Child and Family Caring Society of Canada.

Blackstock, C., Hobenshield, S., & Kovach, M. (Eds.). (2002). In the Future First Nations Children Will. West Vancouver: Caring for First Nations Children Society.

Recent Book Chapters

Blackstock, C. (In Press). Mosquito Advocacy: Change promotion strategies for small groups with big ideas. In Hilary Weaver (Ed.) Social issues in contemporary Native America: Reflections from Turtle Island. Surrey, UK: Ashgate.

Blackstock, C. (2012). Child welfare: lessons from the emperor’s new clothes. In Don Fuchs, Ivan Brown & Sharon McKay (Eds.), Awakening the Spirit (pp. ix-xi). Regina: Canadian Plains Research Center Press.

Blackstock, C. (2012). Exploring Canadian Human Rights Tribunal on First Nations Child Welfare. In Ellen Murray (Ed.), Children Matter: Exploring child and human rights issues in Canada (pp. 87-111). Calgary: Mount Royal University.

Sinha, V., Trocme, N, Blackstock, C., MacLaurin, B. & Fallon, B. (2011). Understanding the overrepresentation of First Nations children in Canada’s child welfare system. In Kathleen Kufeldt & Brad McKenzie (Eds.), Connecting research, policy and practice child welfare (2nd ed.). (pp. 307-322). Waterloo: Sir Wilfred Laurier Press.

Blackstock, C. (2011). First Nations children and families: the search for the voluntary sector. In Fred Bird & Frances Wesley (Eds.), Voices from the voluntary sector (pp. 173-190). Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Presentations

Recent Presentations and Keynotes at Juried Conferences

Keynote speaker, Mowafaghian Visiting Scholar Lecture, Simon Fraser University (Mosquito advocacy) (2013)

Keynote speaker, Rheal Brant Memorial Lecture, Carleton University (First Nations children’s rights) (2013)

Keynote speaker, Connexus, Ottawa, ON (Children’s Voices have Power) (2013)

Keynote speaker, Te Rangi P?ahotanga, Otaki, New Zealand (Children standing in solidarity with First Nations children) (2013)

Keynote speaker, Montreal Women’s Canadian Club (Children’s Voices have Power) (2013)

Keynote speaker, British Columbia Association of Social Workers (Moral Courage: Kids have it and adults need it) (2012)

Keynote speaker, National Child Maltreatment Symposium (UN Convention on the Rights of the Child and First Nations Children) (2012)

Speaker, Montreal Children’s Hospital Grand Rounds (First Nations child welfare) (2012)

Keynote speaker, New Zealand Public Health Association (Mosquito Advocacy) (2012)

Keynote speaker, World Conference on Social Work, Stockholm (First Nations human rights) (2012)

Keynote speaker, University of Saskatchewan Indigenous Law Conference (First Nations child welfare case and UNDRIP) (2012)

Keynote speaker, Ottawa/Carleton Elementary Teachers Federation (human rights for First Nations children) (2012)

Panel presenter, Canadian Association of Health Sciences (2011)

Keynote speaker, First Nations Education Steering Committee (2011)

Keynote speaker, British Columbia Nurses Union (2011)

Presenter, Indigenous Bar Association, Ottawa (2011)

Presenter, Canadian Association of School Boards, Ottawa (2011)

Presenter, Grand Rounds, Children’s Hospital Eastern Ontario (2011)

Presenter, Webinar Canadian Association of Social Workers (2011)

Keynote speaker, Hidden Legacy Conference (2011)

Keynote speaker, Ontario Association of Social Workers (2010)

Keynote speaker, World Indigenous Women’s Conference, Darwin, Australia (2010)

Keynote speaker, SNAICC conference, Alice Springs, Australia (2010)

Workshop presenter, SNAICC conference, Alice Springs, Australia (2010)

Keynote speaker, PrevNet conference, McMaster University (2010)

Keynote speaker, Canadian Paediatric Society Resident’s Seminar (2010)

Keynote speaker, Waterloo University, Social Innovation Generation Speakers Series (2010)

Panel presenter, Osgoode Law School, Post-Gladue Conference (2010)

Keynote speaker, National Indian Child Welfare Conference, Portland, Oregon (2010)

Workshop presenter, National Indian Child Welfare Conference, Portland, Oregon (2010)

Keynote speaker, Alberta Association of Social Workers Conference, Edmonton (2010)

Recent Presentations and Keynotes at Community Events/Conferences

Presenter, Pacific Business and Law Institute (First Nations child welfare human rights tribunal) (2012)

Keynote Presenter: Algonquin College Aboriginal Graduation (2012)

Keynote Presenter: Walkers of Nishiyuu Youth Forum (First Nations human rights) (2012)

Keynote Presenter: Elementary Teachers Federation of Ontario (First Nations children’s rights) (2012)

Keynote Presenter: University of Ottawa Education Student’s Forum (First Nations children’s rights) (2012)

Keynote Presenter: First Call (First Nations children’s rights) (2012)

Keynote Presenter: Indigenous Physicians Association of Canada (First Nations children’s rights and Jordan’s Principle) (2012)

Plenary Presenter: Assembly of First Nations Special Chiefs Assembly (2012)

Keynote Presenter: West Region CFS (First Nations child rights) (2012)

Keynote Presenter: Advocate’s Society (First Nations child rights) (2012)

Keynote Presenter: Atlantic Policy Congress Health Conference (Canadian Human Rights Tribunal on FN Child Welfare and Jordan’s Principle) (2012)

Human Concern International and Youth for Northern Communities (First Nations children’s rights) (2012)

Keynote Presenter: West Region CFS Women’s Gathering (First Nations Child Rights) (2012)

Keynote Presenter: BC Association of Social Workers (Moral Courage) (2012)

Keynote Presenter: Manitoba First Nations (First Nations child welfare) (2012)

Keynote Presenter: KAIROS (Mosquito advocacy) (2012)

Presenter, Assembly of First Nations education forum (First Nations children’s human rights) (2012)

Keynote, Temagami First Nation (Children’s voices have power) (2012)

Keynote, CUP Annual General Meeting (Children’s voices have power) (2012)

Presentation, Directors of Child Welfare (First Nations child welfare) (2012)

Keynote presentation, QCAIPP, Brisbane, Australia (Voices of children in human rights) (2012)

Presentation, Yirkalla Community, Australia (First Nations children human rights) (2012)

Keynote presentation, Supporting Aboriginal Children Together, Darwin, Australia (Children have voices) (2012)

Keynote presentation, United Church of Canada General Council, Ottawa (Residential school and First Nations children today) (2012)

Panel presentation, Assembly of First Nations Annual General Assembly (2012)

University of Ottawa, Forum on Reconciliation (Reconciliation: implications for the current generation of FN children) (2012)

Keynote presentation, Wabano Health Centre (Structural issues for FN children and Touchstones of Hope) (2012)

Keynote presentation, Westboro Church, Ottawa (Equity and Social Justice for FN children) (2012)

Keynote presentation, University of Ottawa Bachelor of Education Conference (Shannen’s Dream) (2012)

Plenary presentation, BC Government (Touchstones of Hope) (2012)

Keynote presentation, Ottawa/Carelton Native Studies Teachers Conference (Shannen’s Dream) (2012)

Keynote presentation, Best Start Conference, Ontario (First Nations children’s rights) (2012)

Keynote presentation, Chiefs of Ontario ECD conference (structural risks and human rights) (2012)

Presentation, Canadian Council of Child Advocates (structural risks and human rights) (2012)

Presentation, Sir Wilfrid Laurier Secondary School. (Shannen’s Dream, Jordan’s Principle and I am a witness campaigns) (2011)

Panel presentation, Assembly of First Nations Special Chiefs Assembly (First Nations children’s rights) (2011)

Keynote presentation, Indian Child Welfare Forum in Saskatoon (First Nations children’s rights) (2011)

Workshop, Assembly of First Nations Health Forum (Mosquito Advocacy) (2011)

Panel presentation, Assembly of First Nations Health Forum (Jordan’s Principle) (2011)

Keynote, Cowichan Tribes Child Welfare Forum (7 ways to make a difference) (2011) Northern BC Chiefs Forum (First Nations children’s rights) (2011)

Keynote, KAIROS Women of Courage Tour (Social Justice) (2011)

Keynote, Whitefish River First Nation (Touchstones of Hope) (2011)

Keynote, Manitoba FN CFS (Touchstones of Hope) (2011)

Keynote, Native Women’s Association AGM (First Nations children’s rights) (2011)

Presentation, Combined Voices, Brisbane, Australia (2011)

Keynote, Victoria Council of Social Services, Melbourne, Australia (2011)

Keynote, Queensland Council of Social Services, Brisbane, Australia (2011)

Keynote, Victoria Leadership Forum, Adelaide, Australia (2011)

Master Class: Berry Street Family Services, Melbourne, Australia (2011)

Panel Presentation, Queensland Council of Social Services, Brisbane, Australia (2011)

Panel Presentation, Two Ways Together, Melbourne, Australia (2011)

Presentation, Assembly of First Nations Social Development Forum (2011)

Presentation, Assembly of First Nations Education Forum (2011)

Keynote Presentation CAPDHHE Conference, Edmonton (2011)

Presentation, KAIROS Banner March, Ottawa, ON (2011)

Presenter: Building Bridges, Carleton Place (2011)

Keynote Presentation, OASIS (2011)

Presentation: Anglican Church Conference (2011)

Keynote Presentation, Building Bridges Partnership (2011)

Keynote Presentation, UBC Aboriginal Social Work Gathering (2011)

Keynote Presenter, Guelph Children’s Aid Society Aboriginal Conference (2011)

Panel Presenter, Manitoba School Board’s Association (2011)

Keynote speaker, Ontario Aboriginal Child Welfare Conference (2011)

Keynote speaker, Wesley Prankard’s Camp out, Niagara Falls (2011)

Workshop, Attawapiskat First Nation (2011)

Presenter, UCFW Human Rights Committee (2011)

Keynote speaker, Payukotayno CFS, Moose Factory FN (2011)

Plenary speaker, International Indigenous Health Conference (2011)

Keynote speaker, Early Childhood Development Support Services, Edmonton (2011)

Keynote speaker, National Aboriginal Health Survey Conference (2011)

Keynote speaker, Chiefs of Ontario Health Forum (2011)

Keynote presenter, Wabano Health Center Youth Forum (2011)

National Women’s Legal Association Forum (2011)

Ontario University Students Association (2011)

Workshop presenter, Rise up for Rights, Canadian Labour Congress (2010)

Keynote speaker, National Youth in Care Network 25 anniversary (2010)

Keynote speaker, Native Women’s Centre of Hamilton (2010)

Workshop presenter, Rise up for Rights, Ottawa (2010)

Workshop presenter, Covenant Chain Aboriginal Conference (2010)

Keynote speaker, Assembly of First Nations Youth Gathering (2010)

Workshop presenter, Yellowhead Tribal Services National Conference (2010)

Areas of Expertise

  • First Nations children and families
  • Human rights
  • Youth engagement
  • Policy advocacy and change

Contact

blacksto@ualberta.ca (613) 230-5885